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How many of us were teased growing up because we had to wear glasses? Ten years ago many of us would have been ashamed of wearing glasses because we would be called ’four eyes’ or ’nerd’. It was something that we didn’t want to hear and we would have done anything to not have to use them. Well now you can.

Lasik eye surgery is a procedure that works to correct different vision problems that people may be experiencing. If done properly the patient will no longer have to rely on glasses or contacts. For the one time in their life they will be able to see clearly with nothing standing in their way.

There are different types of Lasik surgeries and lasers that the surgeon might use that depend on the vision problems that you have. These lasers include; Lasik, Lasek, PRK, ALK, and LTK. Keep in mind that each procedure has certain Lasik surgery risks that you should talk about with your doctor.

Lasik

Lasik is obviously the most popular type of laser that is used and is the reason why many people when referring to this operation use its name. This is actually a nickname that stands for laser assisted in situ keratomileusis. This type of laser is used by the surgeon to get rid of a portion of the corneal tissue. This in turn will help to reshape the cornea and improve vision problems of astigmatism, hyperopia, and myopia.

Lasek

This type of laser surgery is short for laser epithelial keratomileusis. This type of operation is very similar to that of Lasik except that the surgeon will pull off a much smaller piece of the cornea. This is used for people who have extremely thin corneas and are not able to use the Lasik operation. That is because this does not have as much risk and is less invasive. However, it does take longer for the patient to heal.

PRK

This used to be the popular operation that came before Lasik. But over the many years it has been replaced due to the excellence and positive results from Lasik surgery. People that have low to medium refractive errors will usually choose the PRK. During this operation the surgeon will remove a small layer of the cornea and will not replace it.

Instead the cornea will repair itself after a certain length of time. People who opt for this operation will see the positive results over a few months time as the cornea heals.

ALK

Automated Lamellar Keratoplasty is often times used when treating mild forms of farsightedness and high forms of nearsightedness. The surgeon will snip the flap of the cornea and use a microkeratome to get rid of any material beneath the flap. This procedure is very short.

LTK

Laser thermakeratoplasty is one of the newest procedures that is being used to treat astigmatism and farsightedness. The heat that emanates from the laser beam will shrink and reshape the cornea instead of removing anything. This helps the patient to heal much faster than normal and is less invasive. Unfortunately the results from this procedure do not last as long.

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