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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or acid reflux is a condition where in acids from the stomach move all the way back into the esophagus. This action is called reflux. A reflux takes place when mascular activities in the esophagus fail. GERD takes place monthly in almost half of adult American’s lives. GERD knows no age and thus may occur to just about anyone. Although elderly patients with GERD tend to have a more serious condition than the younger ones, still one must inform oneself of the risks, causes and symptoms of the disease so as to avoid it.

Symptoms of this condition include heartburn, dyspepsia and regurgitation. Heartburn, being the primary symptom of acid reflux, is a burning sensation that spread out from the stomach up to the chest and even to the throat. Activities such as having a heavy meal, bending over, lifting heavy weights, lying down on the back bring about heartburn. One study shows that almost three quarters of the total patients with GERD experience the pains of heartburn at night. While another study shows that at least half of the patients having GERD have dyspepsia. Dyspepsia is a condition which consists of pain and discomfort right in the upper abdomen, fullness in the stomach even when you have not taken too much food yet, and nauseous feeling after eating. The other symptom of GERD which is regurgitation occurs as a feeling having acid up in the throat.

Causes Of Acid Reflux

So what causes acid reflux? Almost anyone can easily have acid reflux. Especially those that frequently continue to perform activities that ignite the disease to occur. People who take large amounts of acidic foods, who lift heavy objects, or take naps right after taking a large meal, may have mild and temporary symptoms like heartburn. Other factors that cause the condition to occur include situations like malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter muscles, impaired stomach functions, abnormalities in the esophagus, and hiatal hernia.

Risk factors of GERD occurs to anyone who practices a poor habit of eating heavy acidic meals and lying on the back right after having it. Pregnant women are also in a high risk of experiencing symptoms of GERD especially during the third trimester of the pregnancy when the enlarging uterus puts an increasing pressure on the stomach.

Acid reflux can come to just about anyone for it knows no age and status. So it is vital to get informed about the facts concerning the condition for us to avoid it.

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