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Hernia is a bulge usually in the lower torso. This protrusion of the tissue occurs when the inner layers of the abdominal muscles become weak, and then it bulges out into small sac or sacs. Oftentimes, parts of the intestine or some abdominal tissues enter into the sac. This occurrence has caused many people to go through hernia repairs. Hernia surgery is often used to heal potentially serious problems and unnoticeable hernia effects like infections and bowel obstruction.

There are currently two surgical procedures used to repair hernias. These are the open surgery and the laparoscopic surgery. Nissen fundoplication is another method used to correct a special type of hernia, hiatal hernia. Incisions in the surgery vary depending upon the hernia type you have but surgeons generally will use the said methods with careful choices.

Open Surgery

As the name suggest, this surgical method is about opening your body to repair the damage. Anesthesia is used to help the surgeon with the procedures but the type of anesthesia utilized depends on the patient’s and the physician’s preference, as well as the health of the patient. It may either be general, epidural or spinal or local.

Once the anesthesia is injected and it has taken effect, the area around the hernia is cleaned thoroughly with an antiseptic solution to prevent postoperative infection. The surgeon makes an incision near the location of the hernia (the location varies upon the type of hernia but the surgical procedure is just the same).

The hernia sac is carefully opened and the intestine or other tissue is positioned back inside the abdomen. The destabilized area is repaired and reinforced with a synthetic net or a stitch that pulls the abdominal muscle tissue back together.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery can be used for hernia repair but while this method is found safe and effective, the long term results are still unavailable. This procedure takes four or five tiny incisions, instead of one long incision made in the area around the hernia. A miniature scope device called a laparoscope, which is attached to a video camera, is inserted into one of the incisions. The hernia and surrounding tissue and organs are projected on the video screen for the surgeon to see the inside.

Through the other incisions, the instruments used to repair the hernia are inserted and the procedures to be performed are just the same way in the open surgery. This technique has the advantages of a shorter recovery time and less postoperative pain.

There are factors to be considered for a patient to be a candidate for a laparoscopic surgery. One is that the clarity of the interior of the abdomen and if the patient is obese it mat be a difficulty. Another is the patient’s condition with the effects of a general anesthesia.

In Conclusion

There are different hernia treatments that physicians will offer. The hernia symptoms will help identify the type and proper medication will be given. Hernia surgery is chosen carefully based on patient safety.

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